I started in the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
One of the reasons for the collapse of the Soviet Union was the invasion of Afghanistan from Tajikistan, as Tajikistan was then part of the Russian Union and the distance from Tajikistan to the south of Pakistan was only 16 kilometres and still 16 kilometres today. That is, the eyes of the Russians were not on Afghanistan but the hot waters, the ports of Pakistan. Then the whole world saw what happened with Russia. New aspects of the Russian alliance broke away, and many new countries came into being.
Tajikistan was one of the newcomers. A landlocked country in Central Asia, it is bordered by China to the east, Uzbekistan to the west, Kyrgyzstan to the north, and Afghanistan to the south. It is a landlocked country, meaning that it does not feel like the sea from the sides of the country. It is a country of Tajiks.
Since then, the country has been called the home of Tajiks. The land where today’s Tajikistan is inhabited has been inhabited since 4000 BC. This region was under the rule of different empires in different periods. This area was part of the Bactrian Empire in BC. In the last period, Alexander the Great raised the banner of his victory over some parts of his empire, but soon the area came under local control.
In the seventh century AD, no power could stop the Islamic Empire here. At the end of the Abbasid period, new states were emerging in different parts of the Islamic Empire. One of the first states to be established here was Samarqand and Bukhara, which later became cultural centres of history. Later, for some time, the Mongols also temporarily occupied it.
The region was part of the Bukhara Empire for a long time before it became part of the Russian Empire. After the end of World War I, there was a Muslim movement against the Russians in Central Asia, a social movement that put up a strong resistance against the Red Army but was crushed by the Russians and the region became part of the Russian Union. Became.
During this period, the religion of Islam was severely damaged. Mosques and madrassas were closed, and after the Russian unification, Russia paid the least attention to Tajikistan among the Central Asian states. The region lags behind other countries in lifestyle, education, and health. By 1990, Tajikistan, like other countries, had declared independence. Pakistan and Turkey were among the first countries in the world to recognize Tajikistan.
By December 26, 1991, most countries in the world had recognized Tajikistan’s independence. On March 2, 1992, the United Nations recognized the country’s independence, but during that period, only a year and a half later, the country witnessed a historic civil war. Which I have never seen before and will probably never see again. During this period of civil war, different tribes came face to face.
The non-Muslim population, which was predominantly Jewish, emigrated from the country. When elections were held in 1992, Imam Ali Rehman came to power who is still the ruler of the country. When elections were held again in 1999, this time too, victory was destined for Imam. Surrounded by land on all sides, it is the smallest country in West Asia in terms of area.
Much of the country is mountainous. The total area of the country is 145,100 square kilometres. The country is ranked 94th in the world in terms of area. The total population of the country is 8.93 million people. In terms of population, the country is ranked as the 96th largest country in the world. 992+ is the country code of this country and PJ. This country has a country domain name. The country is located just 16 kilometres north of Pakistan from the Wahan Corridor between Pakistan and Tajikistan. But there is no time difference between the two countries.
Both countries have been promoting their trade regularly since 2008. But as long as the Afghanistan issue between the two countries is resolved, they will not be able to increase their trade. It promises cheap electricity to Tajikistan, Pakistan, and Iran along the same route. So Pakistan is also travelling the same route by train to strengthen its ties with Central Asian countries and both countries are seeing a solution to the Afghan problem very soon. There are about 1.2 million Tajiks in Pakistan. They moved to Pakistan during the post-independence civil war in Tajikistan.
Some people had left because of the situation in the country. Some of them returned after the situation improved. But most of the northern areas of Pakistan, including Chitral and Gilgit, have been settled. For some time after independence from the Russian Federation, the Russian ruble was used in this country, but later the Tajik ruble was introduced. But in October 2000, the ruble was abolished and renamed the national rupee. The currency was named after Ismail Samani, the father of the Tajik nation. Who ruled Tajikistan in the tenth century.
Today, a Tajik somoni is worth 17 Pakistani rupees and 7.30 eggs. Settled in the fifth century BC, the city of Dushanbe today has the distinction of being the capital of Tajikistan as well as the country’s largest city. Spread over an area of 124 square kilometres, the city today is home to 780,000 people. Koji is the second-largest city in the country after Dushanbe, with a population of about 200,000. A form of Persian, Tajik is today the official language of Tajikistan. Russian is still used in everyday speech and business.
Even before 2009, the Russian language was used regularly at the official level. But after 2009, these options passed to the Tajik language. Tajikistan lags far behind its other neighbours economically and has high poverty. But despite all this, the education rate in Tajikistan is 99%. The people’s attachment to education is still driven by the system of free and higher education in the Soviet era, which the Russians introduced in their last days. There is still a long way to go in this country.
The average human lifespan here is around sixty-one years. Sunni Muslims are the most populous in the country. 97% of the Muslim population is Muslim. One and a half percent of the Christian population also lives here and in the remaining one and a half percent you will see people belonging to other religions. Wrestling is a national sport in this country. Buzkashi is the second most popular sport in the country. The style of play is similar to polo but uses a dead goat instead of hair.
Football is the third most popular sport in the country. Since its independence, the country has won four Olympic gold medals. Rabbi Union is also becoming a popular sport in this country. There is also a regular cricket team in the country since 2012, but cricket fans are rarely found here. There are a total of 26 airports in the country. Dushanbe International Airport is used for most international flights. Some flights from Russia also use Kojand International Airport. The country’s largest airline is Somon Air, which flies to Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Russia, China, Germany, Turkey, and Dubai.
A total of 680 km of the rail network has been laid in the country, which connects Tajikistan with countries such as Croatia, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and Kazakhstan. A network of 28,000 km of roads has been laid in the country. However, many roads leading to small villages have not been paved even today. It would not be wrong to say that Tajikistan is a land of rivers, because it has a lot of rivers. There are more than 900 rivers longer than 10 km and rivers less than 10 km are not counted.
The 528 km long river Britain is the largest in the country. With a length of 524 km, the Bakhsh River is the second largest river in the country. Is close Most of Tajikistan’s electricity is generated by damming these rivers. This is the electricity that Tajikistan intends to sell to Pakistan soon. 72% of the country’s area is not suitable for agriculture at all, as Kabul has very little area due to its high mountains. Tajiks mostly go to Russia to work and send money home. The largest source of income in the country is the cotton crop and aluminium production.
Vegetables and fruits are also widely grown here. Tajikistan still imports about 50 percent of its food needs. The country also has gold and silver reserves. The government has also awarded contracts to various private companies, but the aluminium industry is in the hands of the government. The country also has the largest aluminium plot in Central Asia.
Today, poverty is being eradicated in Tajikistan. The country is on the path of development. The tourism sector has also played a major role in this development. In 2018, more than one million people visited the country, and the government is making further changes in this new sector.
Pakistanis and Indians need a visa to enter this country, but now the facility is available that you can get a visa of this country for only fifty dollars by applying for an e-visa of this country from home. Knowledge Tree is the national tree of this country. You can also see the symbol of this tree in the middle of the national flag of Tajikistan.
The flower of Iris is the national flower of this country. The eagle is the national bird of this country. Ghazal, a species of deer, is the national animal of this country. If we talk about interesting facts about Tajikistan, then 50% of the country’s population is engaged in agriculture.
The flag in the Tajik capital, Dushanbe, is the second tallest free-standing flag in the world. Tajikistan also has two UNESCO heritage sites, the world’s largest trade route called the Silk Routes. It connects the world with China through this country. 99% of Tajikistan’s electricity needs are met by hydropower systems. The North Dam in Tajikistan is the tallest dam in the world and the second-largest in the world.
The son of the President of Tajikistan got married in 2007. In which President Imam Ali Rehman also sang and danced. Someone made a video and put it on YouTube. The government has requested that YouTube remove the video. Failure to do so would result in YouTube being banned in Tajikistan. Which was reopened a long time later? 32% of Tajikistan’s population is forced to live below the quality line. Tajikistan buys most of its gas from Uzbekistan. Green tea is the national dish of Tajikistan. Tajik cuisine is similar to a wedding, Afghan and Uzbek cuisine. Palau is the national dash of Tajikistan.
Due to the mountainous terrain of most of Tajikistan, the region is prone to earthquakes, and it is a fact that no country has suffered as much from natural disasters as from war.